3rd Kup


Terminology Applicable to 3rd Kup

Red belt signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.


Toi Gye (37 movements): Toi Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confuscianism. The 37 movements of the pattern represent his birthplace on the 37° latitude, and the diagram (+) represents “Scholar.”

Attacking Movements:
Dwijibun Sonkut Tulgi Upset fingertip thrust
Ollyo Chagi Upward kick (Using the knee)
Naeryo Chagi Downward kick
Opun Sonkut Tulgi Flat fingertip thrust
Homi Sonkut Tulgi Angle fingertip thrust
Defensive Movements:
Doo Palmok Miro Makgi Double forearm pushing block
Kyocha Joomuk Noolo Makgi X-fist pressing block
Najunde Sonkal Daebi Makgi Low knifehand gauding block
San Makgi W-shape block

General Information:

  • Saju Tulgi – Four-directional thrust. This is NOT a pattern, but this exercise was formerly practised by the 3rd kup holder and above.
  • When performing San Makgi (W-shape block) you must look toward the direction you are travelling, e.g., when moving the left foot, look left.
  • The student should by now have a wide-ranging knowledge of the vital spots and be able to name most in terminology.
  • Chari Chari Dong Jak – Consecutive Motion. This is when the same hand or foot is used to perform two or more techniques in different directions or with different attacking tools.
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